Kamis, 05 April 2012

Adverbial Clauses

A.  Definition of adverbial Clause
An adverbial clause is a dependent clause that functions as an adverb. In other words, it contains a subject (explicit or implied) and a predicate, and it modifies a verb

B.  Formula of Adverbial Clause in general
Subject + predicet + conj + subject + predicet.
But sometimes conjuction can also be placed at the beginning of sntence.
Example :
- I met her when + was walking to school.
- As he was sick, he went to she doctor.
- I can’t go out because my mother is sick.

C.  Kind of adverbial Clauses
1. Adverbial Clause of Time
These clauses are used to say when something happens by referring to a period of time or to another event.
Common conjuctions :
when, before, after, since, while, as, as long as, until,till, etc. (conjunctions that answer the question "when?"); hardly, scarcely, no sooner, etc.
Example :
- He was talking on the phone when I arrived.
- She began cooking while I was finishing my homework.
- We waited until he finished his homework.

2.  Adverbial Clause of Condition
These clauses are used to talk about a possible or counterfactual situation and its consequences.
Common Conjunctions :
if, unless, lest
Example :
-      If they lose weight during an illness, they soon regain it afterwards.
-      If you help me, I shall be happy.
-      Unless you tell her about your love, she won’t know it

3.  Adverbial Clause of Purpose
These clauses are used to indicate the purpose of an action.
Common Conjuctions :
in order to, so that, in order that
Example :
-      They had to take some of his land so that they could extend the churchyard

4.  Adverbial Clause of Reason
These clauses are used to indicate the reason for something.
Common Conjunction :
because, since, as, given
Example :
-      I couldn't feel anger against him because I liked him too much.
-      Since she has a desire to marry, she discontinued her studing.

5.  Adverbial Clause of Result
These clauses are used to indicate the result of something
Common Conjunctions :
Example :
-      My suitcase had become so damaged on the journey home that the lid would not stay closed.
-      He studies so hard that many studienst like him.

6.  Advervial Clause of Concessive
These clauses are used to make two statements, one of which contrasts with the other or makes it seem surprising.
Common Conjnctions :
although, though, while
Example :
-      I used to read a lot although I don't get much time for books now

7.  Adverbial Clause of Manner
These clauses are used to talk about someone's behaviour or the way something is done
Common Conjunctions :
as, like, the way
Example :
-      I was never allowed to do things as I wanted to do them.

8.  Adverbial Clause of Place
These clauses are used to talk about the location or position of something.
Common conjunctions :
where, wherever, anywhere, everywhere, etc. (conjunctions that answer the question "where?")
Example :
-      Rina said she was happy where she was.

Exercise :
1.     Mention 2 another example of adverbial clause of time!
2.    Mention 2 another example of adverbial clause of Reason

Answer :
1.     a. When Fanny returned, she found Tom Bertram very ill.
b. As I was finishing my homework, she began cooking.
2.    a. I drank some boiling water because I wanted to whistle.
b. I read the book because I was curious with it story.

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